Cairo is home to the only remaining ancient wonder of the world – The Great Pyramids!
Experience a taste of colours, culture, and history of our bustling capital city. Cairo is the first stop for many tourists traveling to Egypt – and the Egyptian capital really has a lot to offer. The city may be very tiring at times due to the traffic and noise – but there is still a lot to see, discover and experience here. We therefore recommend that you spend at least two days in Cairo. Here we tell you about the best sights in Cairo that you definitely shouldn’t miss!
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and has around 9.5 million inhabitants. The Greater Cairo of the metropolitan area which is including Giza’s neighboring city on the western bank of the River Nile and the city of Schubrā el-Cheima which is situated north of Cairo. This area has a population of around 20 million and is the largest in Africa. Discover the depths of Egyptian culture’s while delving into Coptic and Islamic history traditions. Inside Old Cairo is a city of history and religion, according to Cairo’s Heritage Book. Everybody knows this sacred and blessed city for its architectural beauty with glorious churches, synagogues, and mosques.
The summer season traditionally falls between April and October, which is dry, likely to be relatively hot and also peak travel time for tourists from all corners of the globe. The winter season runs between November and March, which is dry and moderately warm, however in the evening the temperatures drop across the desert allowing it to become much cooler at night. July is the hottest month in Cairo with an average temperature ranging between 35–40°C and the coldest month is January with a low of 19°C.
Our top sites you don’t want to miss when in Cairo
This museum, right in the city center and on the famous Tahrir Square, is world-famous for its exhibits and one of the most famous sights in Cairo. The Egyptian Museum is full of an infinite number of artefacts & relics. Including the contents of Tutankhamun’s tomb and some well-preserved mummies. A stroll through the Egyptian Museum is a stroll through history.
Cairo is the starting point for the great pyramids of Giza and therefore one of the absolute highlights of any trip to Egypt. On the outskirts of Cairo with its several million inhabitants, the pyramids and the Great Sphinx of Giza protrude prominently from the desert sand. For several thousand years these buildings have been a symbol of the ancient Egyptians and their impressive civilization. When you first see the Sphinx and the Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinos pyramids, it almost goes without saying why they are among the most mysterious buildings of all time. You will feel like you have been transported back to the time of the pharaohs.
Did you know? You can also visit these beautiful ancient wonders during the night. During a stary night sky in the middle of the Egyptian desert stand before these impressive and grand Pyramids as you step through a portal time machine as you head back into ancient times and watch a memorising Sound and light show. The Sound and Light show of the pyramids will take you on a journey thousands of years back, bringing the Ancient Egyptian legacy back to life! Thousands of years have passed since the renowned pharaohs walked the earth, leaving behind a mystery on how the great pyramids construction took place.
The Salah El Din Citadel is located on the hill of Mokattam near the center of Cairo – the city of 1000 minarets. This huge citadel is one of the most worth seeing monuments in Cairo and on the area, you will find not only the citadel but also various museums and the famous Muhammad Ali Mosque (also known as the Alabaster Mosque). The Muhammad Ali Mosque is an impressive size and is definitely worth seeing! A visit to this attraction in Cairo is particularly worthwhile because of the great view of the whole city. Cairo’s Islamic center is located directly below the citadel. It is here that you first become aware of the infinite size of Cairo.
During your stay in Cairo, a visit to the Khan El Khalili Bazaar in the historic city center is a must. This maze of narrow streets full of exotic goods and handmade souvenirs is a very impressive area to explore. Not only is the bazaar the perfect market for finding interesting or unusual items – the area itself is also home to a number of monuments and lovely old cafes. Water pipes, lanterns, copper pots, aromatic oils and pharaoh masks: the deeper you penetrate into the souk (bazaar / market), the narrower the streets and the more authentic the goods. Cross the Khan El Khalil Bazaar to get to the heart of the Islamic Quarter in Cairo. It is definitely worth a visit!
The Cairo Tower is located on an island (Zamalek) in the middle of the Nile, and offers a great view of the whole city. The tower is 187 meters high and has 62 floors. The sight was opened in 1961 and is once the tallest structure not only in Egypt but also in all of Africa. There is a rotating restaurant at the top which offers spectacular views of Cairo city. The Egyptian engineer Naoum Shebib designed the Cairo Tower, using the pharaonic lotus flower as a shape to combine the ancestral civilization and the modern age. The specialty of the Cairo Tower is that it consists of pure concrete without a steel frame and is therefore the tallest structure made of pure concrete.
The Nile is the lifeline of Egypt – so a Cairo city trip is not complete without seeing the Nile. The Nile is the longest river in Africa and also the longest in the world. The river is about 6,650 km long and its catchment area spans eleven countries. The Nile meanders through the city of Cairo and as a tourist you can enjoy the view of the Nile from one of Cairo’s bridges, take a boat trip on the Nile on a (traditional Egyptian boat) or just stroll along the shore and enjoy the sunset. Sempre Travel Egypt offers a Dinner Cruise on the River Nile in Cairo. This special evening of relaxation whilst sailing the Nile offers a dining experience fit for a King. Enjoy this evening of luxury accompanied by traditional live entertainment as you dine.
The so-called Hanging Church (officially: Saint Virgin Mary’s Coptic Orthodox Church) is one of the oldest churches in Cairo, dating from the 3rd century. The church is located in the heart of old Cairo. A church in Egypt? Sounds strange and strange at first! But that’s exactly why a stroll through the Coptic Quarter in Cairo and a visit to the Hanging Church from the inside are also worthwhile. There are 110 icons in the hanging church. The oldest dates back to the 8th century, but most of them are from the 18th century. The main altar is made of ebony, which is inlaid with ivory and shows Coptic cross designs from the 12th and 13th centuries. This church is actually the most beautiful of all the churches in Cairo.
When people talk about the pyramids, they usually think of the huge complex in Giza. However what people are unaware of is that it all began elsewhere – in Saqqara. The step pyramid of Djoser was in fact the first real pyramid of Egypt ever built and is a hundred years or more older than the pyramids at Giza. Saqqara is not in Cairo itself, but about 30 kilometers outside of the city center. The impressive pyramid with a height of 62 meters is surrounded by an approximately 10-meter high limestone wall, which imitates tied bundles of reeds. A huge covered colonnade is just the entrance, although there are 13 fake doors.
Baron Empain Palace, or Le Palais Hindou, a distinctive and historic Hindu temple inspired as a mansion in Heliopolis, a suburb northeast of central Cairo, Egypt. Firstly, founded by Edward Louis Joseph Empain between 1907 and 1911. Edward Louis Joseph Empain is a Belgian businessman, awarded for the title of “Baron” by the King of Belgium. A French architecture called Alexander Marcel had the task of building the castle masterpiece. However, Georges-Louis Claude decorated the palace, inspired mostly by the Hindu temples of South India. Reinforced concrete was used for the exterior building of the Palace. Baron Empain palace, inspired by Indian architecture and decor. Its tower stands out across the desert landscape and distinctive from the rest of Cairo city. Therefore, the Hindu palace reflects the high status of its owner, marking a significant milestone in the urban landscape of Heliopolis. Baron Empain’s palace or castle is indeed the most prominent Monument in the capital, with its unique and innovative image. Enjoy the shire beauty of this impressive palace and its outstanding grounds.
Adventure into the heart of the land known as Giza, located in Cairo. Explore Dr. Raghab’s Village. A living museum of Pharaonic Egyptian history and culture, with replicas of an ancient village and also a live replica of Tutankhamen’s tomb. They built the Pharaonic Village for you to discover a fantastic journey to the ancient days of the pharaohs. A time brought to life. The Exhibit reviews the life of Pharaonic Villages. The founder is Dr. Hassan Ragab and his son Dr. Abdelsalam Ragab. Inside you can find some of Dr. Raghab’s personal items and inventions like Ragab’s Cryptograph and Papyrus Restoration Machine.