For our Luxor Tours, we directly pick you up from your accommodation in Luxor in the morning. Today you will go on a wonderful cultural excursion to Edfu Temple and Kom Ombo. Enjoy the ride in a small group and a stress-free atmosphere to our first highlight, the
is one of the best-preserved temples in Egypt and is located on the east bank (Luxor East Bank
) of the Nile River
. Thanks to the impressive skills of the builders, the Edfu Temple
appears in different colors in the sunlight.
The pylon, one of the largest in Egypt
after Karnak Temple
, is the actual entrance to the temple and is lined with 2 huge Horus images
. After entering the Collonade, you come across beautiful reliefs on the walls and the columns. A special feature of the Edfu Temple
is its complete roof, which is still intact. The ceiling of the forecourt, supported by 12 columns, shows traces of soot, which originate from the Coptic period when the Temple of Horus
was used as a residence.
The ceiling of the pillared hall is supported by 12 beautiful plant pillars. Don't forget your camera to take some photos!
The temple, dedicated to the Egyptian falcon headed god
Horus, has a history shaped by many religious battles. During the time of the pharaohs, the temple was famous throughout the country as a special place of worship.
In the hieroglyphic inscriptions, our Egyptologist
can show you where the name Edfu
comes from. In these inscriptions, the falcon god
Horus Behdet is mentioned as Behdet = Edfu.
Before leaving the temple, we visit the birth house, the Mammisi, a cultic birth house in which ceremonies around the birth of the godchildren
were held. We do not leave Edfu without taking a relaxing break with lunch in a traditional restaurant in Edfu. Rested, we slowly move towards
Around one hour by car from Edfu
is the famous Kom Ombo Temple
, a somewhat unusual double temple. Kom Ombo
, consisting of two parts, one side dedicated to the Sobek crocodile
god and the other side to the Egyptian god Haroeris
. The temple also became famous for its location, only 15 meters above the water level of the Nile River
, which makes a bend here and presents the higher-lying temple to the Nile cruise
In the 19th century, its columns and ruins were still half-covered with sand and considered by many photographers and filmmakers as the backdrop of submerged high culture. In the late 19th century, the ruins have been uncovered.
The Kom Ombo Temple
, located directly on the banks of the Nile River
, is a bit confusing in the beginning because of its more or less destroyed condition. A plan of the site helps to explain the original architecture of the temple complex
. The temple was surrounded by 3 walls, of which the outer one is pretty much destroyed. Each one of them was used to protect the shrine inside the temple which is made of stone. A corridor between the walls and two entrances shows, that this is a double temple and both parts are connected.
Once entering the hypostyle hall
you will be rewarded with well-preserved reliefs on the pillars showing sacrificial rituals of the king for the gods and a wall decorated with the image of Cleopatra VII
, known as one of Julius Caesar's liaisons.
But now to one of the most important meanings of the Kom Ombo Temple
: In Ancient Egypt
, people were scared of crocodiles, but at the same time, they worshipped them. There are several crocodile shrines in Egypt, of which the shrine of Sobek crocodile
god in Kom Ombo
with many pictures in the temple as testimony, is the most important one. Only a few meters from one of the entrance gates, we come across a small chapel dedicated to the goddess Hathor
, which today houses glass showcases in which crocodile mummies are exhibited, found in a nearby animal cemetery
We leave Kom Ombo
with enrichment of impressions of the Ancient Egyptian
high culture and drive back to your accommodation in the largest open-air museum
in the world, Luxor